Objectives

This lesson aims to educate students about plagiarism and invites them to abide by the requirements and respect the rules of the use of a resource by giving the appropriate credit. The implications of plagiarism will be highlighted in order to make students aware of the consequences of breaching the rules.

This lesson will help students to properly use web resources and to avoid plagiarism. The students will be able to:

 decipher the notion of plagiarism

 follow the best procedures to avoid plagiarism, including accidental plagiarism

 know the moral significance of plagiarism and how it impacts themselves as well as the others

 be aware of the consequences of plagiarism including the legal consequences

Warm-Up

Discuss with the students what they know about plagiarism through their own experiences and the people they know or heard about. Ask the students what they think about the web resources they can or they cannot use for their assignments.

  • Images – how images can be used and what places can images be retrieved from (Google images, Flickr,….)
  • Worksheets – download, print, modifications (teachnology, ixl……)
  • Text and quotes – from other websites (Wikipedia, Curriki, using them in assignments or essays
  • Music and video – download and re-upload to students’ blogs (You Tube,…)

Students are expected to analyze and interpret the information they find online rather than just trying to restate the information in another way.

What is Plagiarism?

http://www.lib.usm.edu/legacy/plag/whatisplag.php

http://turnitin.com/assets/en_us/media/plagiarism-quiz/

Plagiarism knowledge pre-test:

http://www.lib.usm.edu/legacy/plag/pretest.php

Text plagiarism

  • Word-for-word – Verbatim

Students are to take care for the source text added to their own words and ideas

Word-for-word – Example

  • The Puzzle – mosaic plagiarism

Incorporating paraphrased or copied lines or pieces from several sources without citing these sources leads to mosaic plagiarism. Students have to take care of all sources incorporated and not to miss any single one. Students own ideas and those copied from sources must be distinguished and set apart.

Mosaic-Example

Acceptable version of the above plagiarized one

Acceptable_Non plagiarized

Practice the followings:

http://www.lib.usm.edu/legacy/plag/acceptuse1.php

  • Inadequate paraphrase

Giving credit to the author of the source is essential for a quoted text as well as for the paraphrased one. A clear citation would be required for both cases.

Students are expected to catch with the idea rather than words or sentences of the source. Restating the idea in one’s own words is crucial for adequate paraphrasing.

  • Borrowing from one’s own work

Students are not to re-submit their previous papers. Moreover, any piece of texts or ideas must be properly cited.

Test your knowledge:

http://www.lib.usm.edu/legacy/plag/posttest.php

In addition to text plagiarism, other forms of online media such as images, videos, clipart, etc. could be plagiarized. Students should be aware of the Creative common license of the media they intend to copy or embed into their blogs.

For example, some blogs or web pages are licensed as follows “Attribution – Non-Commercial – Share Alike”.

  1. Attribution: credit should be given to refer to the resource info or link.
  2. Non-Commercial: the media should not be used for profit or business purposes.
  3. Share Alike: the same license should be used for any reproduction of the content.

Refer students to the website CreativeCommons.org for more information on licenses they plan to have for their own blogs.

Consequences of Plagiarism

Explain to the students how plagiarism is a serious offense and that it affects the person’s academic and professional reputation as well as it leads to legal consequences. Plagiarism:

  • destroys the academic and professional reputation
  • puts the plagiarizer under serious legal and monetary repercussions

Academic integrity committees of educational institutions control the academic activities of students. They play an important role in educating students to protect them academically and further in their future career. Students should know that plagiarism if it did not affect them during their education, it would have serious consequences when they become academics so that they lose the ability to publish. Moreover, an engineer who plagiarizes an architect design may put peoples’ lives at risk that would lead to casualties and even to the loss of lives. Not only the reputation is affected, plagiarism might end the plagiarizer in jail after being considered as a criminal offense.



2 Comments so far

  1.    lkondos on November 4, 2016 2:27 am      Reply

    Hello Yehia,

    You have the makings of a very successful lesson. I love the plagiarism quizzes – great way for them to think about their own roles. (May I use one to start my lesson?) You have me thinking, though. I think of photos, video and music more as a copyright issue. How would you differentiate between plagiarism and copyright when it comes to those genres?

  2.    Yehia on November 5, 2016 1:38 am      Reply

    Hi,
    Thank you for your nice words. Please feel free to use any piece of the post. According to videos, music, and images I think those located in the public domain are copy right free. However, they still need to be credited with the correct attribution. On the other hand, videos, images, and music located in private domain are copy right protected. Creativecommon.org provides the license under which an image or gaphic can be used.

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