Hardness of water

Please answer the following questions as comments to this post.

1.  Find out if water in your city is hard or soft(give reference of information)?

 

2. What is being done to remove hardness of water? or what chemical or filter or other technology solutions are available in your place to resolve this issue?

3. Is there any part of your country which has severe water hardness.

4. Describe a news story about hard water issue in your country, provide link and comment.

5. Are there any diseases found in any part of your country due to hard water?

When you finish answering your question then please comment on at least two responses of other participants.